There are 24 seasonal points annually.

12 of which marks the commencement of each solar month (jie), with the remaining 12 marking the mid-months (qi). Which leads to the name 24 jie qi (二十四节气).

For example, the first day of the first month begins on li chun (立春), with it’s mid-month on yu shui (雨水).

Season Lunar
Month
Earthly
Branch
Sub-
Season
Starting
Date
24 Mountains
Spring 1 E3 立春 (li chun)
雨水 (yu shui)
Feb 4,5
Feb 18,19
H9
E12
Spring 2 E4 惊蛰 (jing zhe)
春风 (chun feng)
Mar4,5,6
Mar 20,21
Chien
E11
Spring 3 E5 清明 (qing ming)
谷雨 (gu yu)
Apr 4,5
Apr 20,21
H8
E10
Summer 4 E6 立夏 (li xia)
小满 (xiao man)
May 5,6
May 21,22
H7
E9
Summer 5 E7 芒种 (mang zhong)
夏至 (xia zhi)
Jun 5,6
Jun 21,22
Kun
E8
Summer 6 E8 小署 (xiao shu)
大署 (da shu)
Jul 7,8
Jul 22,23
H4
E7
Summer 7 E9 立秋 (li qiu)
外署 (wai shu)
Aug 7,8
Aug 23,24
H3
E6
Summer 8 E10 白露 (bai lu)
秋分 (qiu fen)
Sep 7,8
Sep 23,24
Sun
E5
Summer 9 E11 寒露 (han lu)
霜降 (shuang jiang)
Oct 8,9
Oct 23,24
H2
E4
Summer 10 E12 立冬 (li dong)
小雪 (xiao xue)
Nov 7,8
Nov 22,23
H1
E3
Summer 11 E1 大雪 (da xue)
冬至 (dong zhi)
Dec 7,8
Dec 21,22
Ken
E2
Summer 12 E2 小寒 (xiao han)
大寒 (da han)
Jan 5,6
Jan 20,21
H10
E1

Legend of earthly branches can be found here.

The above table of the 24 sub-seasons is usually used in bazi analysis to go deeper into the characters.

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